NATO and EU in the context of Energy security and Global commons

Monika Panayotova

Abstract


This article aims at focusing on the complex character of security threats and challenges and the need of NATO and especially EU strategic documents’ modernization in the field of security and defense. The main accents are given to the Energy security and Global commons which have strategic importance with economic and military impact. Those issues reveal the global interdependence between countries from the access to viable resources as well as the level of Europe’s dependence on Russia energy supply, keeping in mind that 22/28 EU Member states are also NATO members. The situation in Ukraine is presented as a case study for the countries from the wider Black sea region, relying also on the experience with Georgia and generating conclusions about the Euro-Atlantic integration in the Region, the frozen conflicts, which could be perceived as a buffer zone between Russia and Europe and the strategic approach needed from EU and NATO in the context of the Black sea geopolitical dynamic.

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